Gatt was created to create rules to end or restrict the most costly and undesirable features of the pre-war protectionist period, namely quantitative barriers to trade such as trade controls and quotas. The agreement also provided for a system for the settlement of trade disputes between nations, and the framework allowed for a series of multilateral negotiations aimed at eliminating tariff barriers. Gatt was considered a significant success in the post-war years. Prior to the introduction of the Gatt/World Trade Organisation (WTO) Agreement on 1 July 1995, variable import levies were levied on imports from third countries. These duties are now subject to customs duties, i.e. converted into a fixed duty payable in euro per tonne or as a percentage of the import price. Under the agreement, rates were reduced by an average of 36% compared to the base period from 1986 to 1988. In addition, the GATT/WTO Agreement provides for minimum quotas for access to imports at reduced rates equivalent to 5 for the amount of consumption during the reference period. In addition, the European Union is required to grant access to New Zealand butter at a particularly low rate. This amount corresponds to the average amount that New Zealand spends each year in the United Kingdom under bilateral agreements during the GATT and WTO base period.
Within the framework of its GATT and WTO commitments, the European Union has concluded a number of bilateral agreements aimed at facilitating market access on a reciprocal basis. For example, there are special quotas for the United States, Canada, Norway, Switzerland, South Africa and others. The General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade was a free trade agreement that eliminated tariffs and increased international trade. As the world`s first multilateral free trade agreement, GATT regulated a significant part of international trade between 1 January 1948 and 1 January 1995. As the Dillon Round went through the arduous process of ad hoc customs negotiations, it became clear well before the end of the Round that a more comprehensive approach was needed to meet the challenges posed by the formation of the European Economic Community (EEC) and EFTA. as well as the resurgence of Europe as a major international trader in general. While gatt was a set of rules agreed upon by nations, the WTO is an intergovernmental organization with its own headquarters and staff, and its scope includes both trade in goods and trade in services, as well as intellectual property rights. .